The LGBTQIA+ movement has a rich and complex history, marked by fierce struggles for the recognition and protection of the rights of those affected. For centuries, the members of this community have been victims of discrimination, violence, and oppression of all kinds.
During the 20th century, homosexual liberation movements multiplied throughout the world, testifying to the LGBTQ community’s desire to take charge of its own destiny.
In the United States, the birth of the gay liberation movement is often associated with the Stonewall Riot, which took place in 1969 in New York City. When the police raided a bar frequented by the gay community, the customers rebelled, leading to clashes that lasted several days.
This event was the starting point for many demonstrations and mobilizations around the world, which gave birth to many organizations defending the rights of LGBTQ folks. In France, the homosexual liberation movement emerged in the 1970s, with the creation of the Front Homosexual d'Action Révolutionnaire (FHAR) . This movement organized numerous demonstrations and demanded equal rights for LGBTQ people. Over the following decades, the movement continued to grow and become stronger, with more victories and legislative advances. In 1999, France recognized civil unions for same-sex couples, but it took until 2013 for marriage for all to become legal, thanks to the mobilization and determination of LGBTQIA+ people and their allies.